UK Web Focus (Brian Kelly)

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Archive for the ‘Data’ Category

Observing Growth In Popularity of ORCID: An SEO Analysis

Posted by Brian Kelly on 15 Nov 2012

The ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) service was launched recently. From the ORCID Web site we learn that

ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between you and your professional activities ensuring that your work is recognized

We would expect all public networked services to have an interest in monitoring take-up of the service, especially in the period after the launch. The ORCID team will be monitoring registrations on the service, but it is also possible to monitor the growth of a networked service by monitoring the links to the service.

The MajesticSEO tool can be used to monitor links to a Web site, and provide information on the number of links and domains as well as providing additional information such as the Alexa ranking the domains, link text used, resources linked to, etc.

The findings from the MajesticSEO tool taken on 15 November 2012 are illustrated. As can be seen there are currently 521 domains linking to the service, with a total of 11,923 links, 2,295 of which are from educational institutions.

The current findings can be viewed on the MajesticSEO Web site (a free subscription is needed to view the findings). The findings for the top ten referring domains are shown below.

# Referring Domains Backlinks Alexa Rank Flow Metrics
1 2,462      N/A 24 26
2 2,086 279,286 27 22
3 2,049   21,837 63 65
4    755        N/A 17 10
5    410 718,279 47 49
6    351        N/A 33 25
7    241        N/A   9   5
8    197        N/A 30 26
9    170        N/A 22 16
10    144        22 95 93

The domains appears to me an anomaly.  Following discussions with the owner of this domain, a researcher at the University of Manchester it appears he is not carrying out any ORCID development or harvesting activities, so perhaps there was a flaw in the data collection carried out by the MajesticSEO service. The other entries in the table give an indication of the organisations which seems to be early adopters of ORCID or, perhaps in the case of, suggest where blog posts about ORCID are being discussed.

Sorting the table by Alexa ranking shows the most highly ranked Web services which contain links to the ORCID site.

# Referring Domains Alexa Rank Backlinks Flow Metrics
1   2    1 99 99
2  11   37 98 94
3  22 144 95 93
4 177     1 79 77
5 192     6 91 88
6 238     4 62 52
7 281     1 82 69
8 290     2 64 55
9 317    21 87 83
10 342      4 67 54

The presence of two popular cloud-based blog platforms, and, suggest that researchers are either talking about ORCID on these blogs or perhaps even linking to ORCID records from blog posts. However the number of links are currently too small to draw any significant conclusions from the findings.

But perhaps of most interest is the geographical display of take-up of ORCID IDs.  The global map probably reflects the location of leading research institutions and publishers of research journals. But zooming in on the UK provides a more interesting view of the location of Web sites which have links to the ORCID domain.  Bath is currently represented by 22 links from the UKOLN Web site and one from the Ariadne ejournal. As mentioned above, the map is skewed by the large numbers of links from the domain which is based in Manchester which has 2,462 links. Two locations for Scotland are shown: 9 links from the Edinburgh University Web site, 3 from EDINA and 3 from the DCC. The other location is the city of ‘Heriot’ (which actually refers to Heriot-Watt University which is based in Edinburgh).

It will be interesting to observe how this map develops as ORCID takes off.

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Posted in Data, Evidence, Identifiers | 1 Comment »

The Importance of a Data-driven Infrastructure

Posted by Brian Kelly on 17 Sep 2012

The Importance of Data

This year has been a great year for sport, especially in London. But as well as the success of the London Olympics and the Paralympics we have also seen a growth in interest in data, which has gone beyond ‘data scientists’ and is now of mainstream interest.

We saw early examples of general interest in data when the MPs’ expenses scandal surfaced in the Daily Telegraph back in 2009. However the availability of the expenses data on the Guardian platform generated new life for this story and saw a widening of interest particularly amongst developers with an interest in politics. We saw an example of this in Tony Hirst’s series of posts in which, as summarised in a post on My Guardian OpenPlatform API’n’Data Hacks’n’Mashups Roundup, he provided a number of visualisations of expenses claims.

The MPs’ expenses story raised interest in data journalism – and it is interesting to note that the Data driven journalism entry in Wikipedia was created as recently as 4 October 2010 . However this year’s summer of sport seems to have generated interest in data from the general public, beyond those who read the broadsheets.

According to a post on the Twitter published on 10 August 2012 there were “more than 150 million Tweets about the Olympics over the past 16 days“. The popularity of Twitter during the Olympics Games provided much content which could be analysed (there were over 80,000 tweets per minute when Usain Bolt won the 100m). But beyond Twitter there was also interest in analysis of data associated with the athletes’ performance and their achievements, as recorded by the medals they won.

In the higher education sector there has been an awareness of the importance of analysis of data for some time. Back in December 2011 in a post on “My Predictions for 2012” highlighted the following as an area of increasing relevance for the sector:

Learning and Knowledge Analytics ….

The ubiquity of mobile devices coupled with greater use of social applications as part of a developing cultural of open practices will lead to an awareness of the importance of learning and knowledge analytics. Just as in the sporting arena we have seen huge developments in using analytic tools to understand and maximise sporting performances, we will see similar approaches being taken to understand and maximise intellectual performance, in both teaching and learning and research areas.

We have seen a number of examples of development work in the area of learning analytics taking place this year. As can be seen for this list, staff at CETIS have been active in sharing their thoughts on developments in the area of learning analytics. Of particular interest were Sheila MacNeill’s post in which she asked Learning Analytics, where do you stand? (which generated a lively discussion); Making Sense of “Analytics” (which linked to a document on “Making Sense of Analytics: a framework for thinking about analytics“); Sheila’s 5 things from LAK12 (in which she highlighted five areas that resonate with me over the 4 days of the LAK12 conference) and herself-explanatory list of Some useful resources around learning analytics .

The Importance of a Data-driven Infrastructure

But beyond the uses which can be made of data, there will also be a need for institutions to address the issue of how they manage such data. The approaches needed in Preparing for Data-driven Infrastructure have been summarised in a JISC Observatory TechWatch report of the same name.

The background to the report is the need for institutions to manage their data more effectively and provide greater transparency for institutional business processes, ranging from institutional data such as that being provided in Key Information Sets (KIS), the detailed reporting required for the Research Excellence Framework (REF) through to Learning Analytics as described above.

The report highlights approaches which institutions can take in responding to these strategic drivers, including the needs for greater transparency in business processes, in order to adopt a more data-centric approach. The report includes a description of data-centric architectures; an overview of tools and technologies including APIs, Linked Data and NoSQL together with a review of architectural approaches which institutions will need to consider.

The report, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) licence, was commissioned by the JISC Observatory team and written by Max Hammond, a consultant who has worked widely across the higher education and research sectors.

We welcome feedback on the report which can be provided on the JISC Observatory Web site.

Twitter conversation from: [Topsy] – [SocialMention] – [WhosTalkin]

Posted in Data, jiscobs | 1 Comment »

Is Data Driving Your IT Planning?

Posted by Brian Kelly on 9 Jul 2012

Data was highlighted as an area of growing importance at UKOLN’s recent IWMW 2012 event, featuring in the opening plenary talks on Data and the Web ManagerOpen Data Development in the City of Edinburgh CouncilData Visualisation: A Taster and Key Information Sets Data.  The content of these talks will be of interest to others working in the higher education sector beyond those with responsibilities for managing institutional Web service. Our awareness of the broad interest in the content of the plenary talks was one of the reasons we provided live streaming of the talks and subsequently provided access to recordings of the talks. If you have an interest in data we hope the following recordings of the talks and accompanying slides, will be of interest.

I should also add that if you have a responsibility for the planning, implementation or management of a data-driven infrastructure within your institution you may also be interested in the JISC Observatory’s TechWatch report entitled “Preparing for Data-driven Infrastructure“. As described in a post on the JISC Observatory blog this is a preview version of the report for which we invite feedback and comments. The preview version is also available on the JISCPress service which allows you to provide section-by-section comments.

We hope that the “Preparing for Data-driven Infrastructure” report and the recordings of the plenary talks from the IWMW 2012 event will be of interest for several audiences ranging from those who may have responsibilities for managing data through to those with a  general interesting in understanding what the fuss about data is about!

P1: Data and the Web Manager

In the opening talk at the IWMW 2012 event Kevin Ashley, the Director of the DCC (Digital Curation Centre) described the role data has in supporting innovation and provide examples of how institutions are using data to support a variety of institutional activities.
Kevin Ashley
Further Information
See IWMW 2012 abstract and Lanyrd entry (which contains links to additional related resources).
Slides Video

Data and the webmanager

View more slides from Kevin Ashley

IWMW 2012: Kevin Ashley from UKOLN on Vimeo.

P2: Open Data Development in the City of Edinburgh Council

With the launch of the Scottish Digital Participation Group open data development has fresh motivation in Scotland. A number of Scottish Councils are working with open data already, and the current NESTA Make It Local Scotland project initiative is a lead innovator in supporting growth. The City of Edinburgh Council is working closely with a number of partners to develop its approach, with a key aim to deliver real value.
Sally Kerr
Further Information
See IWMW 2012 abstract and Lanyrd entry.
Slides Video
IWMW 2012: Sally Kerr & Suraj Kika from UKOLN on Vimeo.

P3: Data Visualisation: A Taster

In 2011 it was estimated that 1.8 zettabytes of data was created, enough to fill 57 billion 32Gig iPads, and estimates that data production would double every two years (see the Digital Universe study). The availability of data opens new opportunities to provide information, intelligence and insight into every aspect of institutional life. In this talk Tony Hirst and Martin Hawksey will a taster of some of the tools and techniques used to explore and communicate some of this data. The talk will also touch upon the ethics and benefits when using these techniques.
Tony Hirst and Martin Hawksey
Further Information
See IWMW 2012 abstract and Lanyrd entry.
Slides Video

IWMW 2012: Tony Hirst & Martin Hawksey from UKOLN on Vimeo.

P4: Key Information Sets Data

The Key Information Set (KIS) is a mandatory UK-wide collection of data that will assist potential students in their decision-making when applying for an undergraduate course. In this talk, Andrew will outline what information is covered, where it comes from, how it gets updated, how it will be integrated into institutions’ websites, how potential students will access the information and how the complete set of data will be available to the general public under an open licence.
Andrew Oakley
Further Information
See IWMW 2012 abstract and Lanyrd entry.
Slides Video

Key Information Sets Data

View more slides from IWMW

IWMW 2012: Andrew Oakley from UKOLN on Vimeo.

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